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U.S. Immigration Statistics 2023 update

The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) today published the latest version of its ever-popular resource, Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States, offering up-to-date and authoritative data about the 45.3 million immigrants in the United States and current and historical U.S. immigration trends.

The article in MPI’s Migration Information Source online magazine offers data on key topics, hyperlinking to interactive data tools and other resources. The compilation gathers an array of statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau, the Departments of Homeland Security and State and MPI research. By offering accessible answers to questions such as “Which U.S. states have the largest numbers of immigrants?” and “How many U.S. residents are from immigrant families?” the article seeks to help readers of all backgrounds understand the changing shape of U.S. immigration.

Statistics trace how the country is emerging from a worldwide slowdown in international movement prompted by the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in the origins of immigrant arrivals and the effects of enforcement at the U.S.-Mexico border. Topics include immigrants’ educational and linguistic backgrounds; their income, employment and health insurance; immigration enforcement; legal pathways and naturalization; refugees and asylum seekers; unauthorized immigrants; and visa backlogs. The resource also offers historical trends showing how the number, share and origins of immigrants have changed over time.

  • While the immigrant population has generally been growing, this growth has slowed. Immigrants comprised 13.6 percent of the total U.S. population in 2021, a slight decrease from the 13.7 percent share they comprised in 2019 and short of the record high of 14.8 percent in 1890.
  • Immigrants from Mexico have been the most numerous since 1980, but the number of Mexican immigrants in the United States declined by more than 1 million between 2010 and 2021.
  • Immigrants’ median household incomes in 2021 ($69,622) were almost identical to those of the native born ($69,734).
  • Approximately 26 percent of the 69.7 million children under age 18 in the United States lived with a least one immigrant parent as of 2021, up from 19 percent in 2000 and 13 percent in 1990.

MPI has also recently updated the interactive tools on its Migration Data Hub, including the State Immigration Data Profiles and a new tool featuring the top 35 diaspora groups in the United States.


The Migration Policy Institute is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank in Washington, D.C. dedicated to analysis of the movement of people worldwide. MPI provides analysis, development and evaluation of migration and refugee policies at the local, national and international levels. For more on MPI, please visit

Published by obligingworldviewer

A beholder of her imperfection, aware of this merciless world, with a desire and hope for a much better world. - Een van haar onvolmaaktheid bewustzijnde aanschouwer van deze medogenloze wereld, met een verlangen en hoop voor een veel betere wereld.

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