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The Guardian looking at the third week of August 2022

August 15

Labour announces plan to freeze energy price cap with reinforced windfall tax
Cost of living crisis / Labour announces plan to freeze energy price cap with reinforced windfall tax
Keir Starmer says people won’t pay ‘a penny more’ and that plan would reduce inflation

Keir Starmer has put a beefed-up £8bn windfall tax on energy company profits at the heart of a new plan to stop people having to pay “a penny more” on fuel bills this winter.

The Labour leader confirmed that under his plan the energy price cap would be frozen at the current level, meaning that an expected 80% rise in October – taking an average household bill to about £3,600 – would not go ahead.

Starmer said the country was facing “a national emergency” and that Labour “wouldn’t let people pay a penny more” on energy bills as a result of his “fully funded plan”. A typical family would save £1,000, he claimed.

He said: “Britain’s cost of living crisis is getting worse, leaving people scared about how they’ll get through the winter. Labour’s plan to save households £1,000 this winter and invest in sustainable British energy to bring bills down in the long term is a direct response to the national economic emergency that is leaving families fearing for the future.”

Brexit / Number of EU citizens moving to UK plunges – report
Data shows just 43,000 EU citizens received visas for work, family, study or other purposes in 2021

Home Office statistics show there has been a sharp increase in migration amid the easing of pandemic restrictions. The data shows 277,069 work-related visas were granted in the year ending March 2022 (including dependants), a 129% increase on the year ending March 2021 and a 50% increase on the year ending March 2020.

Revealed / Indonesian workers on UK farm ‘at risk of debt bondage’
Salman Rushdie / Lecture moderator describes ‘tragic irony’ and ‘horror’ as violence unfolded
Moments before Salman Rushdie was nearly murdered at a public event in western New York on Friday, he had signed up to become a roving envoy for writers in mortal peril, agreeing to travel across the US to encourage cities to provide asylum and protection for artists in need.
Environment / England ‘failing to invest in water networks to avoid future droughts’

England is failing to invest in the water networks needed to avoid a future of recurrent serious droughts, with current policies amounting to the government “keeping [its] fingers crossed”, the UK’s infrastructure chief has warned.

The current drought was a warning that water systems could not cope with the changing climate, with more hot dry spells interspersed with heavier rainfall, said Sir John Armitt, chair of the National Infrastructure Commission.

England has experienced its driest July since 1911, with only about 10% of the average rainfall for the time of year in the south of England. The period since November has been the driest eight-month period in England since 1976.

Ukraine invasion
What we know on day 173 of the invasion
At a glance / What we know on day 173 of the invasion
Putin says Russia and North Korea will expand bilateral relations; first UN ship to carry Ukraine grain for Africa prepares to depart
Putin used a speech at an arms show near Moscow to boast of Russia’s advanced weapons capabilities and declare its willingness to share technology with like-minded countries. In a letter to Kim Jong-un for Korea’s liberation day, Putin said closer ties would be in both countries’ interests, and would help strengthen the security and stability of the Korean peninsula and the north-east Asian region, North Korea’s KCNA news agency said.
Zaporizhzhia / Russian soldiers at nuclear power plant will be targeted, says Ukraine president
‘The west doesn’t want Russians partying in the streets of Europe’ / Calls grow for visa ban

Thousands of Russians have flocked to Europe on short-term visas since the country invaded Ukraine. Some sought an escape from repression, while summer has brought Russian tourists just looking to escape to the beach. Now some European politicians are calling for an end to the short-term visas that allow Russians to holiday in the EU as the war in Ukraine rages on.

Russia Day celebrations in Nicosia, women parade with Russian flag
Russia Day celebrations in Nicosia: Cyrpus is the top destination for expat Russians. Photograph: Yiannis Kourtoglou/Reuters
‘It’s madness’ / Ukraine holds breath as Putin turns nuclear plant into frontline

On one side of the Dnieper River is the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, visible in the haze. Six nuclear reactors and a cooling tower loom over a Soviet-built reservoir. On the opposite bank is Nikopol, a city in southern Ukraine known for its Cossack past and modern tube and metallurgical factories.

The distance between them is seven kilometres. Or, measured in rocket terms, about 15 seconds: the time it takes for a Grad missile fired by Russian soldiers ensconced in the atomic station to slam into Nikopol’s chestnut tree-lined boulevards. It is a small and terrifying interval between life and death.

The Kremlin is trying to do something unprecedented: to steal another state’s nuclear reactor. Engineers are working to connect the facility to the electricity grid in occupied Crimea and cut it off from Ukrainian homes. One reactor has already been knocked out. It is a ghoulish game of radioactive Russian roulette, in a country that has known the 1986 Chornobyl atomic disaster.

August 16

Europe seems more preoccupied at the moment with drought at home rather than the war on its flank. Our reporters considered the consequences in the UK and continental Europe. Green MP Caroline Lucas wrote for us about political and commercial failings making matters worse in Britain. And for all the exasperated gardeners out there, Alys Fowler gave us six ways to protect your plot from the shrivelling heat. (My own hot tip: do not leave teenagers in charge of the watering while you are on holiday).

Elsewhere, Emma Graham-Harrison was back in Kabul on the anniversary of the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan. Do read this piece about the secret underground schools continuing to educate girls in defiance of a Taliban ban (or, if you prefer, listen to the podcast).

In the UK, we are fascinated by the long hard slog that is the Tory leadership race. Our visuals team has a nice little tale of the tape. And who better to make us laugh at the whole exhausting process than Marina Hyde.

Mark Rice-Oxley
Executive editor, reader revenues
The Guardian

Russia
The west doesn’t want Russians partying in the streets of Europe’: calls grow for a visa ban
As EU politicians debate a ban from the beaches, Russian exiles fear a return to Soviet-style isolation will be dangerous for them.
Brexit
Number of EU citizens moving to UK plunges post-Brexit – report
Data shows just 43,000 EU citizens received visas for work, family, study or other purposes in 2021.
World news
Venetians fear ‘museum relic’ status as population drops below 50,000
Campaigners say Italian city’s remaining residents feel ‘suffocated’ by effects of tourism.
Ministers planning to cut redundancy pay at same time as 91,000 jobs
Civil service / Ministers planning to cut redundancy pay at same time as 91,000 jobs
Exclusive: Unions warn proposal to reduce payouts by a quarter as headcount shrinks could lead to industrial action

Ministers are planning to reduce redundancy pay for civil servants while cutting 91,000 Whitehall jobs, setting up a bitter confrontation that unions warned may lead to legal and industrial action.

The proposals could result in average packages being cut by a quarter at a time when the minister for Brexit opportunities and government efficiency, Jacob Rees-Mogg, is aiming to shrink the civil service by a fifth.

Civil servants were infuriated on Friday when the campaign of Tory leadership frontrunner Liz Truss suggested Whitehall had a “woke” culture “that strays into antisemitism”.

Mar-a-Lago / Justice department asks not to disclose affidavit
Unsealing the document could reveal the scope of the inquiry against Donald Trump, whose team is rattled by recent events
Water companies / Calls to cut bosses’ bonuses until reservoirs built, leaks fixed
Water company bosses should be stripped of their multimillion-pound bonuses until they fix leaks and build reservoirs, politicians and campaigners have said as the country is gripped by drought.
Boris Johnson / No 10: PM will only be contacted on urgent matters while on holiday
Cost of living crisis / Interest-free loans to be rolled out to help with food bills

A zero-interest loans scheme aimed at helping thousands of people who are struggling to put food on the table is being rolled out across the UK.

The initiative, the result of a link-up between the supermarket chain Iceland and a charity-owned lender, is the latest interest-free loans scheme to launch in response to growing concern about households who find themselves at the sharp end of the cost of living crisis and are unable to access or afford existing forms of credit.

The scheme is designed to enable them to cover school holiday grocery bills or smooth out gaps in their income by providing interest-free “microloans” of between £25 and £100 to buy everyday items.

What we know on day 174 of the Russian invasion
At a glance / What we know on day 174 of the Russian invasion
Zelenskiy urges world to resist ‘nuclear blackmail’ amid shelling near Europe’s largest nuclear plant; five Europeans plead not guilty to mercenary charges in separatist-controlled Donetsk
Explosions erupted across Crimea on Tuesday, with reports of smoke and fire in at least three different areas where military bases or munitions depots are located. The first one, at an ammunitions depot near Dzhankoi in the north, severely disrupted railway services and wounded two people. Ukraine hinted at involvement but has not explicitly claimed responsibility. Mykhailo Podolyak, a key adviser to the president, Volodymyr Zelenskiy, told the Guardian in an exclusive interview that there could be similar attacks in the “next two or three months”.
Wagner Group / Ukraine claims it has struck base used by paramilitaries

A mural praising Wagner Group and its mercenaries in Belgrade, SerbiaUkraine says it has struck a base used by the shadowy Wagner Russian paramilitary group as well as a bridge near the occupied city of Melitopol.

Serhiy Haidai, the governor of the Luhansk region in eastern Ukraine, said the base was “destroyed by a precision strike” after its whereabouts were established “thanks to a Russian journalist”.

Donetsk / Five Europeans on trial for mercenary charges
Three Britons and two EU citizens appear in Donetsk court accused of ‘undergoing training to seize power by force’
A referendum is not right’ / Occupied Kherson looks to uncertain future
Over the past five months, Moscow has appointed an occupation administration to run the Kherson region and ordered schools to teach the Russian curriculum. Local people are encouraged to apply for Russian passports to access pensions and other benefits.

Even those who described themselves as largely apolitical said they were firmly opposed to voting in a referendum or joining Russia.

August 17

Headlines
Leaked audio reveals Liz Truss said British workers needed ‘more graft’
Exclusive / Leaked audio reveals Liz Truss said British workers needed ‘more graft’
Tory leadership frontrunner suggested Britons lacked ‘skill and application’, in echo of ‘idlers’ row

Liz Truss, now the Tory leadership frontrunner, launched an astonishing broadside against British workers, saying they needed “more graft” and suggesting they lacked the “skill and application” of foreign rivals, the Guardian can reveal.

In a leaked recording, the then No 2 at the Treasury also risked pitting Londoners against the rest of the country by attempting to explain the difference between the capital and other regions in the UK.

Truss, who has put patriotism at the heart of her leadership campaign, suggested the disparity was “partly a mindset or attitude thing”.

Contaminated blood scandal / Survivors awarded interim payments

Survivors of the contaminated blood scandal have been awarded interim government payments after a 40-year battle, but thousands of parents and children of the victims have still received nothing.

Ministers have accepted the urgency of the need to make the £100,000 payments to about 3,000 surviving victims, after being warned that those mistakenly infected with HIV and hepatitis C were dying at the rate of one every four days.

Contaminated blood products administered in the 1970s and 1980s to up to 6,000 people have already led to the deaths of more than 2,400 people in the biggest treatment scandal in NHS history.

US / Liz Cheney loses Wyoming Republican primary to Trump-endorsed rival
Liz Cheney has paid the price for her staunch opposition to Donald Trump’s assault on American democracy by losing her seat in Congress to a challenger backed by the former president.

The vice-chair of the January 6 committee was beaten by a conservative lawyer, Harriet Hageman – who has echoed Trump’s false claims of widespread voter fraud – in a Republican primary election to decide Wyoming’s lone member in the House of Representatives.

Saudi Arabia / Woman given 34-year prison sentence for using Twitter
Spain wildfires / Up to 20 injured after passengers break out of train engulfed by flames
Ukraine aiming to create chaos within Russian forces, Zelenskiy adviser says
Exclusive / Ukraine aiming to create chaos within Russian forces, Zelenskiy adviser says
Mykhailo Podolyak says Russian supply lines will be targeted as he predicts similar attacks to last week’s explosion at Crimean airbase

Ukraine / Kyiv hints it was behind latest attack on Russian supply lines in Crimea

Why Ukraine’s counteroffensive marks a decisive point in the war
Why Ukraine’s counteroffensive marks a decisive point in the war
Russia’s onslaught on Ukraine will be six months old next week and, while it won’t end any time soon, it’s hardly gone the way Moscow planned. A view is gradually forming that Vladimir Putin’s invasion is “faltering” and even “starting to fail”.

That doesn’t mean Ukraine is not in for six more months – or maybe much longer – of misery. But in the face of unexpected western resolve and unity (while they last), the idea that Russia will capture its neighbour is looking increasingly far-fetched.

In an exclusive interview with Dan Sabbagh and Luke Harding, Volodymyr Zelenskiy’s key adviser outlined Ukraine’s counteroffensive strategy: “Destroy the logistics, the supply lines, the ammunition depots. Create chaos within their own forces.”

So far, it’s working: witness the series of recent mysterious strikes in occupied Crimea (pictured above) that destroyed key military infrastructure, including railway junction and a military airbase. Suddenly, Russia’s southern bases look vulnerable.

But the next few weeks could be decisive for Ukraine’s de facto borders. As Luke described in a powerful dispatch from the frontline, Russia may be advancing in the eastern Donbas, but its grip on the south appears to be distinctly shaky.

Kyiv may not yet have the clout to retake the key southern city of Kherson with a traditional counteroffensive, but it looks capable – helped by US-supplied Himars missiles – of eroding Russian superiority to the point where Moscow pulls out.

Meanwhile, as Shaun Walker and Pjotr Sauer reported, Putin plans a referendum in occupied Kherson “to create a pretext for bringing … occupied parts of southern Ukraine into Russia using an updated version of the 2014 Crimea playbook”.

So the next few weeks will be critical. Just as the past few weeks may prove critical to governments’ – and the public’s – growing realisation of what exactly the climate crisis could mean for western Europe without radical action to curb emissions.

It has been a summer of records: record areas of land destroyed (double the average of the past 15 years) by record numbers of wildfires; record low water levels in Europe’s rivers, vital for the continent’s energy, industry, agriculture and freight.

Global heating has silenced the cicadas of Provence, halted cheese production and, in a sign that all may not yet be lost, will see a European court consider if the climate policies of 32 European government are so inadequate as to be a human rights issue.

Until next time,

Jon Henley
Europe correspondent

Greece / Residents of Athens’ historic Exarchia Square resist metro station plan
Residents of Athens’ historic Exarchia Square resist metro station plan
Hungary / Orbán’s grip on country’s courts threatens rule of law, warns judge
Viktor Orbán’s government is “constantly overreaching” its authority to sway the courts, a senior judge has said, in an intervention that will deepen alarm about the rule of law in Hungary.
Orbán’s grip on country's courts threatens rule of law, warns judge
Animals / Norway was right to put down Freya the walrus, PM says
Norway was right to put down Freya the walrus, PM says
Italy / Scepticism over Giorgia Meloni’s claim ‘fascism is history’ in Italian far right

A declaration by Giorgia Meloni, who could be Italy’s next prime minister, that her far-right party has consigned fascism to history has been greeted with scepticism.

In a video message issued on Wednesday, Meloni, who leads Brothers of Italy, a party with neofascist origins, said the Italian right had “handed fascism over to history for decades now” and “unambiguously condemns the suppression of democracy and the ignominious anti-Jewish laws”.

 

Giorgia Meloni may be no fascist. But she evokes grim memories of Italy’s past
John Foot
Giorgia Meloni may be no fascist. But she evokes grim memories of Italy’s past
Scepticism over Giorgia Meloni’s claim ‘fascism is history’ in Italian far right
Second world war / Last veteran of Belgian SAS dies aged 97

The last veteran of the Belgian SAS has died aged 97, marking the loss of another living link with the second world war in Europe.

Jaak Daemen, a founder member of the Belgian SAS, which was created in 1944 to carry out sabotage and intelligence gathering behind enemy lines, died earlier this month.

He helped liberate the Netherlands and capture Karl Dönitz, the German admiral who created the U-boat fleet and briefly led the Nazi regime after the suicide of Adolf Hitler.

Last veteran of Belgian SAS dies aged 97

August 18

Two-thirds of UK families could be in fuel poverty by January, research finds
Cost of living / Two-thirds of UK families could be in fuel poverty by January, research finds

Two-thirds of all UK households will be trapped in fuel poverty by January with planned government support leaving even middle-income households struggling to pay their bills, according to research.

It shows 18 million families, the equivalent of 45 million people, will be left trying to make ends meet after further predicted rises in the energy price cap in October and January.

Estimated 45m people will struggle to pay energy bills this winter with predicted rises in price cap
The Institute for Fiscal Studies also warned that “permanent tax cuts” promised by the Tory leadership candidates, Liz Truss and Rishi Sunak, could exacerbate pressures on the public purse. It suggested short-term government borrowing to support struggling households may be a necessary step for the next prime minister.
Inflation / UK’s 10% inflation casts doubt on Truss and Sunak’s tax cut promises
Britain’s first double-digit inflation in more than four decades has cast doubts on the plausibility of the tax cuts being promised by Liz Truss and Rishi Sunak during their leadership battle, one of the UK’s leading thinktanks has said.
Rail strikes / Britons face three more days of disruption from Thursday
UK weather / Storms and flash floods hit southern England
A-level results / Students face last-minute scramble for university places

Tens of thousands of students discovering their A-level results face a last-minute scramble to secure places at UK universities, many of which have said that competition will be fierce and places hard to find for the most popular courses.

On Wednesday, the eve of results day for A-levels, BTecs and the government’s new T-levels, university admissions teams reported a surge in interest from students looking for places through clearing, a process that matches unplaced students with unfilled courses.

Ukraine invasion
Russian soldier exposes rot at core of Ukraine invasion
‘I don’t see justice in this war’ / Russian soldier exposes rot at core of Ukraine invasion
Exclusive: Pavel Filatyev has fled his homeland after publishing a 141-page account detailing his experiences on the frontline
Pavel Filatyev has fled his homeland after publishing a 141-page account detailing his experiences on the frontline

Filatyev, who served in the 56th Guards air assault regiment based in Crimea, described how his exhausted and poorly equipped unit stormed into mainland Ukraine behind a hail of rocket fire in late February, with little in terms of concrete logistics or objectives, and no idea why the war was taking place at all. “It took me weeks to understand there was no war on Russian territory at all, and that we had just attacked Ukraine,” he said.

Russia-Ukraine war latest / What we know on day 176 of the invasion
US foreign policy / 19 retired generals and ex-officials urge US to increase arms supplies to Ukraine
Crimea / Russians are realising peninsula is ‘not a place for them’, says Zelenskiy

In his latest video address Zelenskiy said long queues of cars streaming across the Crimea Bridge leading to the Russian mainland proved that the “absolute majority” of Russian citizens had got the message. At least 38,000 cars crossed on Tuesday – a record.

The mass exit came after an ammunition dump and electricity sub-station blew up near the town of Dzhankoi, a significant railway hub. Another apparent Ukrainian strike took place outside the regional capital Simferopol, where a Russian airbase was destroyed.

August 19

Recall parliament early to tackle soaring energy bills, Labour urges PM
‘Crucial deadline’ / Recall parliament early to tackle soaring energy bills, Labour urges PM
Letter to Boris Johnson, Liz Truss and Rishi Sunak calls for action to help households before price cap rises

Annual energy bills are expected to hit £4,500 a year from January, and £5,456 from April, with warnings that households across the country face serious hardship without government intervention.

Labour this week unveiled a £29bn plan to freeze the cap at the current level of £1,971 for six months from October, which would save the average household £1,000, piling pressure on the next prime minister to follow suit.

Water companies / Bonuses for bosses in England up 20% last year despite sewage failures

The annual bonuses paid to water company executives rose by 20% in 2021, despite most of the firms failing to meet sewage pollution targets.

Figures show on average executives received £100,000 in one-off payments on top of their salaries, during a period in which foul water was being pumped for 2.7m hours into England’s rivers and swimming spots.

The analysis of water companies’ annual reports found that their bonus pool for executives now stands at more than £600,000 a company on average.

Sewage warnings along the beach in Southend-on-Sea in autumn 2021.
Sewage warnings along the beach in Southend-on-Sea in autumn 2021. Photograph: Penelope Barritt/Rex/Shutterstock
Live / Russia-Ukraine: Putin is losing information war, UK spy chief says
‘I don’t see justice in this war’ / Russian soldier exposes rot at core of Ukraine invasion
Cancer / Smoking and other risk factors cause almost half of deaths, study finds
Greater Manchester / Police hunting abductor of girl, six, advise parents to be ‘extra vigilant’

August 20

Gove backs Sunak and says Truss is ‘taking holiday from reality’
Conservative leadership / Gove backs Sunak and says Truss is ‘taking holiday from reality’
Former cabinet minister says he does not expect to return to frontbench politics as he backs underdog in race to be PM
Michael Gove has thrown his support behind Rishi Sunak in the Conservative leadership contest, warning that Liz Truss’s refusal to offer more support over rising energy bills and to just focus on tax cuts marked a “holiday from reality”.
Transport strikes / Further disruption on rail and bus services as action continues
‘Dangerous misogynist’ / Andrew Tate booted from Instagram and Facebook
Macron calls Putin over fears Russia is weaponising captured nuclear plant
Zaporizhzhia / Macron calls Putin over fears Russia is weaponising captured nuclear plant

Macron spoke to the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, on Friday and said the call was necessary because of the urgent nuclear threat to Europe. Putin agreed to allow independent inspectors to go to the plant, Macron’s office said, and had “reconsidered” allowing the mission from the International Atomic Energy Agency to travel to the facility from Ukrainian territory.

Russia has controlled the plant in south-east Ukraine since March, although it is still run by Ukrainian scientists. If it stopped generating electricity, its technicians would have to rely on backup power systems to continue cooling the nuclear reactors, which raises the risk of accidents.

“The Russian military is looking for suppliers of fuel for diesel generators, which must be turned on after the shutdown of power units and in the absence of external power supply for nuclear-fuel cooling systems,” Energoatom said.

Putin agrees to allow inspectors to travel to Zaporizhzhia plant, French president says, amid fears of radioactive accident if it is taken off grid
Live / Russia-Ukraine war: Putin agrees to allow inspectors at Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant
Energoatom also accused Russia of shelling parts of the plant complex in false flag attacks that Moscow blamed on Ukrainian forces. Ukraine’s western allies have warned that any nuclear incident would provoke a swift response.

August 21

Labour surges as Tory fears grow over Truss’s tax cut agenda
Race for PM / Labour surges as Tory fears grow over Truss’s tax cut agenda
Likely PM’s policies will mean ‘big trouble’, say critics, as Starmer’s energy price initiative boosts him in polls
Russia / Daughter of Putin ally Alexander Dugin killed in car bomb in Moscow – reports
Darya Dugina, whose father is the Russian political commentator Alexander Dugin, died when the Toyota Land Cruiser she was driving was ripped apart by a powerful explosion about 12 miles (20km) west of the capital near the village of Bolshiye Vyazemy at about 9.30pm local time (1930 BST), according to investigators.
Live / Russia-Ukraine war: don’t allow Moscow to sow fear, says Zelenskiy; suspected ‘spying’ raid in Albania
‘We are being abandoned’ / When the energy bill goes up by £100,000 a day
If domestic bills are climbing, so too are those of schools, sheltered housing and museums. We speak to the people grappling with the soaring costs of keeping vital services running this winter

The government’s energy price cap and £400 bill rebate only apply only to domestic customers who buy their own electricity and gas. They do not help people living in sheltered housing or care homes, where the energy to heat and power their homes is purchased on the wholesale market by a charity or private provider. The vast majority of Brunelcare’s residents are on low incomes, with 70% entitled to benefits including universal credit and pension credit. However, these benefits do not cover increased energy costs

Saudi Arabia / Plea for Truss to act after UK student jailed for 34 years over Twitter use

The foreign secretary, Liz Truss, has been urged to intervene in the “outrageous” case of a Leeds University student jailed in Saudi Arabia for 34 years over her use of Twitter.

Hilary Benn, Labour MP for Leeds Central, said the UK had a “duty” to press for the release of Salma al-Shehab, a Saudi national who had been living in Britain and was detained after returning to visit family last year.

Ukraine invasion
Five lessons from the 19th-century Crimean war
Russia-Ukraine / Five lessons from the 19th-century Crimean war
A century and a half ago, Russia lost a war it might have expected to win. The consequences reached far and wide
Six months of hell in Ukraine / How Putin’s crazy war reached deadlock
At a glance / What we know on day 179 of the invasion
Axioma / Gibraltar prepares for first auction of a Russian oligarch’s detained superyacht

Published by Guestspeaker

A joint effort of several authors who do find that nobody can keep standing at the side and that “Everyone" must care about what is going on in today’s world. We are a bunch of people who do not mind that somebody has a totally different idea but is willing to share the ideas with others and to be Active and willing to let others understand how "today’s decisions will influence the future”. Therefore we would love to see many others to "Act today".

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