Coevolution & reciprocal evolution

Often American Christians confuse the normal course of evolution with Darwin‘s theory of evolution, which they completely write off as inadmissible in Christian circles.

In America we also find a large proportion of Christian believers, but also in Europe we can find such Creationists, who want to believe that the creation story is literally an event of exactly 7 days. They fail to see that in the original Hebrew text it is about seven time units, or periods that may have taken several years or even centuries.

The theory of evolution makes statements about three different, though related, issues:

(1) the fact of evolution—that is, that organisms are related by common descent;

(2) evolutionary history—the details of when lineages split from one another and of the changes that occurred in each lineage; and

(3) the mechanisms or processes by which evolutionary change occurs.

Sound Eagle looks at coevolution & reciprocal evolution and writes

One can endeavour to trace the history of evolutionary biology and come to the recognition that Darwin’s book on orchids generated the impetus for all succeeding investigations into coevolution and the evolution of extreme specialization.

and continues:

In biology, coevolution happens “when changes in at least two species’ genetic compositions reciprocally affect each other’s evolution.”
Coevolution is considered as one of the most defining ecological and (phylo)genetic processes that organize biodiversity in ecosystems through interspecific interactions resulting from the relationship between individuals of two or more species in a community or biocenosis. According to John N Thompson,

“coevolution is a pervasive process that continually reshapes interspecific interactions across broad geographic areas. And that has important implications for our understanding of the role of coevolution in fields ranging from epidemiology to conservation biology.”

Regarded as a potent evolutionary force and feedback mechanism, the process of coevolution results in a series of adaptive changes in the genotypes and associated traits of the interacting species through inherent reciprocality of coevolutionary selection such that

“the fitnesses of two interacting species depend not only on their own genotypes (and associated traits), but also on each other’s genotypes (and traits).”

Coevolution can also be called reciprocal evolution, a term encapsulating the process of mutual evolutionary change that occurs in pairs or groups of species interacting with each other and applying selection pressure to one another. Furthermore, coevolution can be deemed as an example or a subset of mutualism, where

“two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other.”

Specifically, pollination mutualism is a type of service-resource relationship in which “nectar or pollen (food resources) are traded for pollen dispersal (a service)”. Both coevolution and mutualism are thought to be significantly contributing to biological diversity in many ways, including flower forms (vital for pollination mutualisms) and coevolution between groups of species.

Continue to find out more: Do Plants and Insects Coevolve?



  1. Living on the Edge
  2. Old Earth creationists and other conservative Christians denying any evolution
  3. Evolution of life but not according to Darwin’s evolution theory
  4. The Origin of Life on Earth: Creation or Evolution?
  5. The professor, God, Faith and the student


Find also to read

  1. “Before” and “after” the Big Bang
  2. The Origin of Life on Earth: Creation or Evolution?
  3. Evolution of life but not according to Darwin’s evolution theory
  4. Old Earth creationists and other conservative Christians denying any evolution
  5. A Book to trust #16 Biblical archaeology vs Historical science or study #1 Flat or round earth
  6. Man his beginnings or emerging, continuation, evolution and anthropology
  7. The mythical conflict of science and Scripture (1)
  8. An anarchistic reading of the Bible (2)—Creation and what follows
  9. Science, belief, denial and visibility 1
  10. Science and the Bible—Do They Really Contradict Each Other?
  11. Reconciling Science and Religion
  12. Can a scientist believe in God
  13. Book Review: Ann Gauger, Douglas Axe & Casey Luskin, Science & Human Origins. Seattle: Discovery Institute Press, 2012.124pp.
  14. Living on the Edge
  15. Race, Skin color and differences
  16. The professor, God, Faith and the student


Further related

  1. The Origin of Life on Earth: Creation or Evolution?
  2. Evolution vs Creation: How the world came into existence?
  3. Claim: “Qur’an mentions the big bang … so it must be of divine origin”
  4. Quran and Big Bang Theory
  5. Creationists Say the Big Bang Theory Is a Failure
  6. Something you should know – Vedic Principles of Creation, A The Big Bang Theory
  7. Vedic Time Periods
  8. Intelligent Design Should be Taught in Schools
  9. Evolutionary Wisdom
  10. The Absence of Evidence, Is Not Evidence of Absence
  11. Darwin and Microbiology; what could have been
  12. How Do Vestigial Structures Provide Evidence for Evolution?
  13. Evolution: A Morphological Phylogeny Of The Order Carnivora
  14. Does evolution repeat itself. Does it rhyme? Chance vs Necessity.
  15. ”Shocking Origins of Young Earth Creationism” Debunked
  16. ICR Says Good Science Supports the Bible
  17. Making Sense of Young Earth Creationism
  18. Creationism isn’t Science
  19. Science is real – Religion is not
  20. The Universe Is Proof Against Atheism
  21. Hambo Explains the History of the Universe
  22. Creationism Requires Great Courage
  23. The evolution of sexual consent: are we really nothing but mammals?
  24. The Defensive Powers of Honeybees
  25. Are Humans Evolving?
  26. Bigger is Better
  27. Ancient DNA Reveals Possible Link between Neanderthals and Modern Humans
  28. Forest regeneration can help preserve the evolutionary history of tropical wildlife
  29. ‘The Human Swarm’- a book review

Published by Guestspeaker

A joint effort of several authors who do find that nobody can keep standing at the side and that “Everyone" must care about what is going on in today’s world. We are a bunch of people who do not mind that somebody has a totally different idea but is willing to share the ideas with others and to be Active and willing to let others understand how "today’s decisions will influence the future”. Therefore we would love to see many others to "Act today".

4 thoughts on “Coevolution & reciprocal evolution

  1. Religion is destroying the world. How can you want to be a part of this? Do you not see it? They offer you eternal salvation for unquestioning devotion in this life. The only life that we can prove that we have is the one we are living now.

    By your own logic everything falls apart into chaos. You cannot see what is so clear, science and nature offer this god you thirst for, just in a different form.

    We must take responsibility for our actions, because no one is coming to save us.


    1. In our own logic not everything falls apart into chaos, because it is clear that the Bible tells mankind that he has to do everything that he can in his lifetime, afterwards it is too late, because once a person dies it is finished with him (or her) and then that person can not do anything anymore. (Than it is just too late to change anything.)

      Nature presents mankind a reflection of God, it being also given to man to use it properly, but it is man who does not use it properly and shall bear the consequences of his wrong attitude. It is not religion that is destroying the world but mankind itself.

      There are many religious groups of which there are some who misuse religion to get more power and to get more control over people. In case there would be no religions that greed of man and that desire of man to have more power would still exist and still exist already today. You can see it also in those who are atheists, who try to create division and chaos and want to enlarge their power — and then because they have no religion except that of having no god and having other aims.


      1. Religion is an outdated tool. We used it to explain where the sun went at night before we knew where the sun went at night.

        Since it is outdated it can at best be used to impede the speed of progress at best and destroy the world at worst.

        To your final thought that there are atheists trying to “create division and chaos” I would like to hear some specific examples of what you mean.

        Good people will do good thing and bad people will do bad things, but it takes religion to make good people do bad things.


      2. Nice you see that the Bible presented an easy simple guide or handbook for people to come to know how the earth worked. It is still a good guide for mankind to help to know how everything goes and how to behave in the universe.

        As you rightly say, there are good and bad people. Though it does not take religion to make good people do bad things. The majority of religions try to bring people to an extra dimensional state of being. All religions consist of bringing people to think about matters of life and of relationship. There is no proper religion that creates bad people. It are people misusing certain religions to mislead people and to get them away from the teachings of the proper religion. ISIS is one very good example of such a massacre fo the Islam. They do a lot of things which are totally against the teachings of Islam though they claim to be the only true Muslims. Therefore it is to man himself to unmask the false teachers of religons and to make their own individual choice who or which group to follow.


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